Quark Scale computing 

Beyond the microchip lies quantum computing. Beyond that lies quark-scale computing, made from materials a billion billion billion times smaller than the current computational scale. 

QSC  IS SMALLEST  AND BEYOND QUANTUM  PROPERTIES  Quark-scale computing refers to the hypothetical concept of computing at the scale of quarks, which are elementary particles and the fundamental building blocks of matter. This concept is purely speculative and does not currently exist in practical terms. It is important to note that our current understanding of quarks and their behavior is based on particle physics, and there are no known methods or technologies to directly manipulate or utilize quarks for computing purposes.

Quark-scale computing is often discussed in the context of quantum computing, which is a rapidly advancing field of research and development. Quantum computing utilizes the principles of quantum mechanics to process information in ways that are fundamentally different from classical computing. However, even quantum computing does not operate at the scale of individual quarks.

While the idea of quark-scale computing may capture the imagination and curiosity of researchers and enthusiasts, it is still purely speculative at this point. Current efforts in computing technologies, such as quantum computing and other emerging paradigms, are focused on exploiting the principles of quantum mechanics and other novel approaches to enhance computational power and solve complex problems.

Nuclear computing is a concept that involves using nuclear processes or properties for computational purposes. It explores the idea of utilizing nuclear phenomena, such as nuclear reactions or radioactive decay, to perform computations or store information.

However, it's important to clarify that nuclear computing is not a widely adopted or practical field of computing. The concept has primarily been explored in theoretical or speculative discussions and has not been developed into a practical computing technology. Nuclear processes are highly complex and involve interactions at the atomic and subatomic levels, making them challenging to control and harness for computing purposes.

In contemporary computing, the most prevalent technologies are based on electronic systems, such as silicon-based integrated circuits. These technologies have proven to be highly reliable, scalable, and energy-efficient for a wide range of computational tasks. As a result, the focus of computing research and development has primarily been on improving existing electronic computing architectures, exploring novel approaches like quantum computing, and advancing other emerging technologies.

While nuclear computing remains an intriguing concept from a scientific and theoretical perspective, it has not yet become a practical or commercially viable computing paradigm. It requires significant advancements in understanding and controlling nuclear processes, as well as overcoming numerous technical challenges associated with utilizing nuclear phenomena for computing purposes.